SpinOffs

A blog on what's new, notable, and next in turbomachinery

Posts about Compressors

How Many Pieces of Turbomachinery do You Have in Your House?  (and a Pop Quiz)

How Many Pieces of Turbomachinery do You Have in Your House?  (and a Pop Quiz)

By Daniel V. Hinch, Corporate VP Sales and Marketing, Concepts NREC
Apr 16, 2021

On occasion I’m invited to a local middle school to give a talk to one of the science classes about ‘What Is Turbomachinery, and How Does It Work?’.   I teach in several of the turbomachinery design...

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Entropy Happens… Deal with It!

Entropy Happens… Deal with It!

By Francis A. Di Bella, P.E.
Jul 19, 2019

If there’s one thing good about sitting in snarled traffic in Boston, it’s that you get to see some very original bumper stickers. The most recent bumper sticker I saw was probably the strangest one,...

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Supercritical CO2, CFD, Alligators & Gladiators – Thoughts & Trends from Turbo Expo 2019

Supercritical CO2, CFD, Alligators & Gladiators – Thoughts & Trends from Turbo Expo 2019

By Mark R. Anderson
Jul 5, 2019

I recently got back from my favorite annual conference: ASME’s Turbo Expo. This year, someone thought it would be a good idea to hold it in Phoenix, Arizona…in the summertime.  While that’s not the...

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What’s the Difference Between a Fan, a Blower, and a Compressor?

What’s the Difference Between a Fan, a Blower, and a Compressor?

By Dan Hinch
Jun 6, 2019

Turbomachinery equipment is generally segmented based on whether it extracts energy (e.g., turbines) or adds energy (e.g., pumps and compressors). The addition of energy is usually used to compress...

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Simple Stall - Video Blog - Part 2

Simple Stall - Video Blog - Part 2

By Mark R. Anderson
Apr 12, 2019

Our CTO, Mark Anderson, takes a fundamental look at simple stall and its impact on turbochargers stability and range. This is the second video in this 2-part series. Be sure to watch Part 1 first!

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Performance Corrections for Compressor Maps

Performance Corrections for Compressor Maps

By Mark R. Anderson
Apr 9, 2019

Turbomachinery performance is almost always analyzed and tested with a fixed inflow condition. In other words, the assumption is that the inflow fluid temperature and pressure is defined and...

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Simple Stall - Video Blog - Part 1

Simple Stall - Video Blog - Part 1

By Mark R. Anderson
Apr 5, 2019

Our CTO, Mark Anderson, takes a fundamental look at simple stall and its impact on turbochargers stability and range. This is the first video in this 2-part series. 

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What's Better than Perfect? Semi-Perfect Gas Models

What's Better than Perfect? Semi-Perfect Gas Models

By Mark R. Anderson
Mar 8, 2019

In a previous blog, Fluid Phenomena Primer: Energy Versus Temperature, Specific Heat, I explained the behavior for gas phase fluids and how the temperature is affected at high energy levels.  In...

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7 Turbomachinery Themed Valentine’s Day Cards – Which is Your Favorite?

7 Turbomachinery Themed Valentine’s Day Cards – Which is Your Favorite?

By Barbara Shea
Feb 8, 2019

Valentine’s Day is February 14, and while some cynics refer to it as a “Hallmark holiday”, most people commemorate the day in some way. One of the biggest challenges is finding a card that perfectly...

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Increases in Temperature Envelopes and Its Implications on Material Selection

Increases in Temperature Envelopes and Its Implications on Material Selection

By Arsalan Adil
Feb 1, 2019

Temperature envelopes in the turbomachinery industry are constantly increasing as the state of the art evolves in pursuit of better performance. This means engineers need to design compressors with...

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Specific Speed Demystified

Specific Speed Demystified

By Mark R. Anderson
Jan 11, 2019

In my blog Flow Coefficient and Work Coefficient, I outlined the basic concept behind the flow and work coefficient. These nondimensional parameters are widely used to characterize axial and radial...

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Flank Milling - How Hard Can It Be?

Flank Milling - How Hard Can It Be?

By Peter Klein
Jan 4, 2019

 When designing compressors, engineers often use ruled-surface blades with the goal of making a shape that’s easily manufactured on a 5-axis machine.  Theses blades can be quickly machined in one...

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Reverse Engineering - Going from Part to Art

Reverse Engineering - Going from Part to Art

By Sharon Wight
Dec 7, 2018

Have you ever needed to know the exact geometry of a compressor that has been running for years in your process plant? Perhaps you need to analyze how it would perform if the process fluid had to be...

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20 Great Gifts for Engineers from $10 to $2 Million

20 Great Gifts for Engineers from $10 to $2 Million

By Barbara Shea
Nov 23, 2018

Gifts for Engineers can usually be segmented into a few categories: Things you have to put together, science fiction, gaming, new technology, and witty phrases printed on stuff. A Google search of...

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Extending the Operating Range of Centrifugal Compressors

Extending the Operating Range of Centrifugal Compressors

By Adam Weaver
Sep 28, 2018

Extending the operating range of centrifugal compressors has been a highly sought-after goal for several decades. In fact, the potential benefits have motivated researchers to develop and put into...

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Engine-Driven Compressor for Maintaining Aircraft Cabin Pressure

Engine-Driven Compressor for Maintaining Aircraft Cabin Pressure

By Dan Hinch
Jul 11, 2018

Commercial and military aircraft require that preset levels be maintained for aircraft cabin pressure, airflow, temperature, and humidity — regardless of flight altitude and aircraft speed. To...

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Avoiding the

Avoiding the "Bad Day" in Aerospace

By Francis A. Di Bella, P.E.
Jul 6, 2018

The AS9100 Certification identifies companies who have qualified to manufacture products for the Aerospace Industry.  Manufacturers who meet the extensive requirements of the AS9100 Certification...

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Reverse-Brayton Cryocoolers

Reverse-Brayton Cryocoolers

By Dimitri Deserranno
Apr 19, 2018

Perhaps it is because Spring is so slow to come this year, but I have been thinking a lot about refrigeration and the different types of systems there are. Refrigeration systems that operate below...

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Optimizing the Radial-to-Axial Duct Geometry for a Gas Turbine Radial Compressor Impeller

Optimizing the Radial-to-Axial Duct Geometry for a Gas Turbine Radial Compressor Impeller

By Oleg Dubitsky
Apr 13, 2018

Many gas turbines with radial compressors utilize a radial-to-axial inlet duct upstream of the first compressor stage. Aside from the fact that flow in the duct generates aerodynamic losses, the flow...

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Flow Coefficient and Work Coefficient Applications

Flow Coefficient and Work Coefficient Applications

By Mark R. Anderson
Mar 29, 2018

In my last blog, I explored the concept of the flow and work coefficient.  In this blog, I will explore the practical application of the two parameters in machine selection and optimization. 

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Flow Coefficient and Work Coefficient

Flow Coefficient and Work Coefficient

By Mark R. Anderson
Mar 22, 2018

Two often used quantities to characterize turbomachinery are flow coefficient and work coefficient.  The two are generally represented as Φ for flow coefficient and φ for work coefficient.  The...

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Getting Something for Nothing – Extending Compressor Operating Range Without an Efficiency Penalty

Getting Something for Nothing – Extending Compressor Operating Range Without an Efficiency Penalty

By George C. Zitka, P.E.
Dec 8, 2017

Can you really get something for nearly nothing? In many cases, a properly-designed compressor casing treatment can extend compressor operating range without having to pay an appreciable efficiency...

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What Next for Wider Flow Range Centrifugal Compressors?

What Next for Wider Flow Range Centrifugal Compressors?

By Dr. Colin Osborne
Sep 21, 2017

Flow range is an essential consideration in the design of any centrifugal compressor system, regardless of the application. Adequate flow range is necessary, not only to assure that various...

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Converting Chiller Compressors to the New Generation of Low GWP Refrigerants

Converting Chiller Compressors to the New Generation of Low GWP Refrigerants

By Dan Hinch
Jun 8, 2017

The chiller industry is under tremendous pressure to convert to new, more environmentally friendly refrigerants.  This change is driven by new global regulations including, the Montreal Protocol and...

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How Manufacturing Methods Impact Performance 3 Examples

How Manufacturing Methods Impact Performance 3 Examples

By Mark R. Anderson
Mar 29, 2017

Some of my other blogs have touched on how important it is to consider manufacturing methods during the design phase. This one will show exactly how manufacturing methods impact performance. We will...

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Throughflow Modeling: An Overview

Throughflow Modeling: An Overview

By Morgan Williams
Mar 22, 2017

This Blog post gives a brief outline of the throughflow method for turbomachinery flows and presents the calculated performance results of a Single-Stage Axial-Flow Compressor validation.

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The Need for Computational Tools for Predicting Compressor Performance in Supercritical CO2 Power Cycles

The Need for Computational Tools for Predicting Compressor Performance in Supercritical CO2 Power Cycles

By Mark R. Anderson
Feb 7, 2017

Supercritical CO2 cycles have the potential to significantly improve efficiency and reduce emissions in power generation. However, the unique fluid dynamic properties of supercritical CO2 that enable...

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Didn't Make it to ASME Turbo Expo in Seoul? Here are our papers you missed.

Didn't Make it to ASME Turbo Expo in Seoul? Here are our papers you missed.

By Barbara Shea
Jan 10, 2017

ASME’s Turbo Expo technical conference is THE industry event for bringing together experts from around the world to talk about the latest innovations in turbine technology.  Last year’s event in...

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